Airplane blocks are called airplane blocks because they are the original tools used by the wrestlers. The butcher block is a slab consisting of different timber but consists of the tip of the grain that shows above the block. One of the brothers' apprentice jobs is to clean the block at the end of each day with a small plane. This is what we call block plane.
This is a useful tool for us because it is small and can be easily used on the one hand. The setup is particularly suited for the use of grain of bean leaf but is not exclusively used for that purpose. A good set up block plane can be used just as well as planning a wide long grained surface as the tip of a small train.
If you look at the setup of a small plane block you will see two things different from a plane plane. The first is that the blade is fixed on the plane body with the side facing upwards, in a craft plane the bevel of the blade is facing down and there will be an iron back that is worthy. in plane plane without iron back. The other differences are the low angle where this iron is set on the body of the plane. In some block plans it will be 20 ° in some it will go as low as 12 1/2 °. Our recommendation is that you go for an airplane at 12 1/2 ° which is often called a 60 1/2 as it is named after a Stanley plane of that configuration.
The thickness of the blade is also important as the design of these small planes means that the blade overhangs the body of the plane quite a long way. The cutting edge is not supported so that the blade is much more likely to get you chatter when planning a dense log.
Many airplanes in the market at the moment feature an adjustable mouth, this is a great feature but I can not say that this is an important feature. The more important is the quality of the blade and the machining and engineering of the body of the plane. If you can buy a small plane with carbon steel blade instead of the A2 blade I would strongly recommend that. When working grain ends in particular sharpness is of utmost importance.
No doubt at this moment the most popular block plane in our workshop is Lie Nelson 60 1/2. There are several people with the Veritas block plane and they are well-made tools but likely to be slightly larger than the lie Niie Lie. The main benefits of Veritas planes are that carbon steel blades are offered as alternatives.